World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)
The OMCT is the main international coalition of non-governmental organisations (NGO) fighting against torturehttp://blog.omct.org/wp-login.php?action=logout&_wpnonce=e182f6f45e, summary executions, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions and all other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment.
The strength of the OMCT lies in its SOS-Torture Network composed of about 300 NGOs from around the world.
Our vision is of a world free of torture and ill-treatment, in which every person is protected, where victims and their families obtain reparation and where the perpetrators are punished.
- Helping and supporting torture victims
- Preventing torture and fighting against impunity
- Protecting human rights defenders
- Accompanying and strengthening NGOs in the field
The UN Convention against torture
The UN Convention against Torture is an international human rights treaty, which aims to eradicate the practice of torture in all countries across the world. The CAT represents the most detailed international codification of standards and practices which aim to protect individuals from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. It provides authoritative mechanisms to monitor its effective implementation through the Committee against Torture.
The Committee against Torture has the role of monitoring and supervising the implementation by States parties of their obligations under the treaty. The CAT Committee performs its function of supervising and monitoring implementation of the CAT thanks to different authoritative tools:
A State party to the Convention must submit periodic reports to the CAT Committee. It is an important tool to review compliance with the Convention and to generate political will and technical guidance towards domestic anti-torture reforms.
Consideration of Individual Complaints
If a State party to the CAT Convention makes a relevant declaration under Article 22, individuals may submit complaints regarding violations of the CAT by that State to the CAT Committee.
Under Article 20 of the CAT, the CAT Committee may undertake an inquiry into a State party if it receives credible information indicating that torture is being systematically practiced in that State.
Issuance of General Comments
The CAT Committee is empowered to issue General Comments.
General Comments are directed to all States parties, and provide detailed clarification of aspects of their duties under the CAT Convention. Until now, the CAT Committee had issued three General Comments: General Comment No. 1 on the implementation of Article 3 of CAT in the context of Article 22 (individual complaints); General Comment No. 2 on the implementation of Article 2; and General Comment No. 3 on the implementation of Article 14.
OMCT and the UN Committee against Torture
In 2014, OMCT launched an initiative of mobilising and coordinating activities of civil society organisations around the CAT Convention and its Committee.
Participation of civil society in CAT sessions
We are facilitating civil society coordination, including by coalition building, sharing information, ensuring timely and effective report submissions, mentoring on advocacy opportunities, and supporting access to the CAT Committee in person.
Staying up-to-date and learning about CAT
We are expanding the CAT Committee’s reach, including by an E-Bulletin to disseminate and summarize its findings, this blog to share relevant advice and experiences, a webcast and live tweet of all sessions, and a domestic screening of sessions in select countries.
Following up on Strategic Opportunities
We are strengthening the capacity of civil society, including by supporting their actions, public outreach and campaigning at the national level, and their interaction with CAT and other UN mechanisms at the international level.
This Blog has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union, the Sigrid Rausing Trust, Open Society Foundation, Irish Aid and the Federal Foreign Office of Germany. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the OMCT and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union, the Sigrid Rausing Trust, Open Society Foundation, Irish Aid and the Federal Foreign Office of Germany.